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What is Covid-19

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that are prevalent all around us. They get their name from the spikes (which are proteins) on their surface that resemble a crown when viewed through a powerful microscope. These spikes enable the virus to attach and attack cells, causing damage to various parts of the body. Coronaviruses are one of many viruses that can cause the common cold. Covid-19 (Co stands for Corona, vi stands for virus, d stands for disease, and the “19” signifies that it was discovered in 2019) is one member of the Coronavirus family.

  • Covid-19 is primarily spread through the air, which is why wearing masks, social distancing, and avoiding people with known Covid-19 is so crucial in preventing infections. Covid-19, however, can also be spread via contact, which is why it is also important to frequently wash your hands, wash down surfaces, and avoid touching your face.

  • Covid-19 can present in many ways but most commonly patients will present with “flu-like symptoms”: cough, congestion, fever, sore throat, and fatigue. Other symptoms include: loss of taste or smell, muscle aches, headaches, nausea/vomiting, or diarrhea.

    If you are experiencing any of these symptoms you should contact your primary care provider by phone or call a Holy Name Medical Center Telemedicine Provider to review your symptoms and develop a plan. You should not have an in person visit if you are symptomatic. If you have any symptoms of shortness of breath or if you are instructed to go to the Emergency Department at Holy Name, please call ahead so the staff can be prepared for your visit.

  • For most people, treatment for Covid-19 is supportive: acetaminophen or ibuprofen for fever, increased fluid intake, rest and careful self-quarantine. At Holy Name we do have investigational treatments available for patients with mild symptoms. For outpatients with more significant symptoms or with other underlying medical problems, monoclonal antibody treatment may be appropriate. You can discuss this with your primary care provider or with the Nurse Practitioners in the Holy Name telemedicine program.

    Learn more about monoclonal antibody therapy

    For patients who require hospitalization, there are multiple treatment options that can be used alone or in conjunction with each other. These include: anti-viral medications such as Remdesivir, anti-inflammatory medications such as steroids or interleukin 6 blockers and plasma treatment. Holy Name also has other investigational medications such as placental stem cell therapy.

  • CDC Coronavirus

    NJDOH Website - New Jersey Department of Health Hotline: 1-800-222-1222

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